Professional gardeners and simple enthusiasts know that to work best you need to have the right tools. This guide examines the various tools and their maintenance.
Whether it is the garden or the home garden, it is still necessary to have some tools that make up the "basic equipment" of the gardener. For the purchase, please contact the garden center or DIY stores. Tools must be light and easy to handle. Better to spend a few euros more and take home better quality tools that last longer and make the work less tiring.
The most important gardening tool is the spade, precious for moving and aerating the soil, for digging the holes in which to plant the plants but also for fertilizing the plants already planted. The handle can be more or less elongated and the wooden one, although more expensive, is more comfortable especially when used for a long time. The metal blade (preferably stainless steel) is triangular, flat. If you want to use it for deep soil tillage, it can be useful to insert a protruding metal element called the bracket in the end part of the handle, which allows you to press the blade with your foot up to a depth of 20-30 cm. Depending on the use, there are trapezoidal, square or rectangular spades with shovels, useful for working particularly hard ground or when you need to make a precise cut of the clods.
The shovel is a variant of the spade with the slightly convex blade. It is useful for digging the soil and moving large quantities of earth, sand and leaves. To avoid straining your back excessively, it is best to use it by slightly bending your knees.
Another fundamental tool is the rake. Its uses are manifold in cleaning and in the garden, to spread fertilizer, eliminate dry leaves and level the soil before sowing. It is made up of a long handle ending with a series of elongated teeth arranged in a radial or comb shape. A good rake should be light and have around 10-14 teeth.
Variants of the rake are the metal broom, used to sweep away the dry leaves and the clod-breaking rake that has metal toothed wheels in the bar that are used to break the clods of earth after digging it.
The hoe consists of a sharp, elongated rectangular blade, almost perpendicular to the handle. It is used to move the soil on the surface and to add fertilizer near the plants already planted. There are also two or more tooth hoes. The blade can also be trapezoidal, triangular or drop shaped.
To take care of the plants it is finally necessary to have a pair of scissors to prune, trim, cut the flowers. There are many types, each dedicated to a specific function. The choice depends on the use that must be made of it. The important thing is that it is equipped with resistant and well-sharpened blades and that the handle is ergonomic.
For hedges, large scissors with long handles and long blades are usually used. To prune high branches, however, the pruner is used, a tool with a sharp blade that is mounted on top of a long handle. The mechanism is governed by a string that allows you to cut branches 2-3 meters above the ground as long as they are not of excessive diameter. For large branches a saw is necessary. The prices of these tools also vary a lot from one brand to another and in the choice it is good to take into account the fact that better quality blades are certainly more expensive but ensure faster and more precise work.