Nasturtium belongs to the Tropaeolaceae family, originally from South America.
Tropeol is a genus consisting of about 70-80 species of annual herbaceous plants native to South America. Tropaeolum majus is the most cultivated species, from which numerous hybrids have been obtained, with erect, creeping or climbing habit.
The plant is perennial in South America, while in Europe, where various hybrid species are grown, it is annual because it particularly fears winter frosts. However, in the regions where the climate is milder, in winter the plants can be protected from the cold by mulching: if you have covered them properly, you will see them flourish again in spring.
The stems of the nasturtium they are thin, fleshy, light green; the leaves are round, peltate, waxy, often with a slightly wavy margin. From spring to late summer, the cappuccina, another name for Tropaeolum majus, produces numerous fragrant flowers, in shades of yellow and red, with the five sepals gathered to form a cup-shaped glass, on the back of the flower a short spur lengthens. Flowers, leaves and seeds of the nasturtium they are edible and are eaten fresh in salads. Remove the withered flowers of the tropeol to prolong flowering.
The beautiful flowers in colors ranging from yellow to orange and red embellish a garden or terrace and have a delicate scent. It can be grown in the garden for the formation of flower beds, or in pots, leaning (Tropaeolum minus), or as a climber (Tropaeolum maius) on grids, where it can even reach 2-3 m, depending on the species. You can plant it on slopes or on walls: it will slide quickly already creating a delicious ornament. In fact, the growth of nasturtium is extremely rapid.
Characteristics of Nasturtium
An easy to grow plant that enriches gardens and balconies with flowers with intense and bright colors. Nasturtium is an ornamental, aromatic and medicinal plant, in fact the flowers and leaves are edible and have therapeutic properties.
Extremely appreciated for the liveliness of the colors of its flowers and for the rich flowering, it is present on balconies and terraces, widespread in the gardens or, thanks to the climbing habit, clinging to grates and pergolas. Having no particular needs in terms of soil and care, it is a plant that can grow even those who do not have a green thumb.