The Serapias lingua is a genus of orchids widespread in Italy and in most of Europe and the Mediterranean area; S. lingua is an Italian autochthonous species, it is a terricolous orchid, which develops fleshy bulbs, from which erect stems, quite thick, light green in color, often turn pink in the apical part; the leaves are ribbon-like, with the base wrapped around the stem, light green, wrinkled. In spring, some pinkish flowers bloom at the apex of the stems, which have a long red or purple, bilobed, pubescent labellum, surmounted by a striped helmet, consisting of two sepals and a tepal gathered to form a small cavity, which sometimes serves shelter for pollinating insects. The other species of Serapias have flowers of this particular shape, the colors change: S. meglecta has pinkish-orange coloring; S. vomeracea is lighter, with a whitish-green cap.
These orchids are not very widespread on the market, and they are rare species in nature, which should not be taken from the places where they grow spontaneously; in any case you can find specimens produced by the nurseries, which are grown outdoors, in a partially shaded place, or in any case shaded on the hottest days of the year. Direct exposure to the sun's rays could burn the leaves and flowers of the plant, damaging the growth of our Serapias lingua. They are plants that are not afraid of the cold, in winter they generally go to vegetative rest, and the aerial part dries.