Chamomile as we all know it is a flower that is used a lot in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic field because of its calming and soothing properties.
Chamomile grows in a rather robust plant, with a very solid root from which several stems branched in turn in the upper part from which the flowers are born; in general the plant is about 50 centimeters high but those cultivated and can reach almost one meter in height.
Chamomile is grown mainly in Germany, Hungary, Argentina, Egypt and other European countries, especially in countryside areas, as a plant it does not need great care or fertilization, it lives well on soils with medium fertility rather dry and stony . The culture can last from 3 to 7 years, because of the flower heads that spread and replant themselves automatically, thus reviving new chamomile plants.
The flowering of the plant occurs in late spring and during the summer, it vanishes with the first autumn cold, let's say that the plant has a "life" from May to September.
Flowers are the most important part of the chamomile plant, in the pharmaceutical field it is preferred to use only the bud deprived of the petals, called flower head.
A common method of collecting these flowers is to pass the stems of the plant between the remakes in such a way as to collect only the flowers, dropping the small leaves that are located along the branch of the giore thus avoiding much of the cleaning. Alternatively, the flowers are generally collected, when they are already dried on the plant and after having independently lost the petals.
The flower heads, the main part of the plant, and the only one used, are dried and are used a lot in the pharmaceutical / homeopathic field for the lotus sedative effects.
Chamomile is mainly divided into two species, they are very similar and both have the same characteristics, therefore often the two varieties are not distinguished either.
Chamomile is in fact often sold, also accompanied by other flowers and plants, in the form of herbal tea, since it contains high healing properties against anxiety, insomnia and stress, it is indeed recommended to relax the body. When deciding to take chamomile we must be careful not to let it infuse too much as it could alter its calming properties and also create an exciting effect as even a small part of caffeine is present.
But chamomile tea also has local and internal anti-inflammatory properties, it is recommended for problems related to teething and premenstrual syndrome. It is also often used in childhood to treat problems such as colic. Due to its soothing effect, chamomile is often used to make compresses and eye drops, it is very effective for stingray, conjunctivitis and eye inflammation. It is also often mixed with some mouthwash and toothpaste chemicals to treat inflammation and gingivitis.
In addition, it also has anti-allergic properties, in fact chamomile can immobilize the histamine of tissues by stopping the action of mast cells, or the cells that make up this substance. It is taken internally with herbal teas or through nasal or ocular irrigations.
It is still used to treat dermatitis, gastrointestinal and gynecological problems and even has healing properties. It is also used in the homeopathic field as a pain reliever to treat neuralgic phenomena, sciatica, headache, back and neck pain, thanks to the organic acids that contains chamomile (salicylic acid, oleic acid and stearic acid).